Swiss – EU relations: it is now time to act
- Introduction Executive summary | Positions of economiesuisse
- Chapter 1 Switzerland’s strategic initial position in European policy
- Chapter 2 Blockade in European policy hurts the economy
- Chapter 3 Common economic interests of Switzerland and the EU
- Chapter 4 Measures taken by Switzerland to minimise economic damage
- Chapter 5 After the breakdown of negotiations: specific demands of Swiss business
Switzerland’s strategic initial position in European policy
Since the failure of the Institutional Framework Agreement on 26 May 2021, Swiss European policy has been in crisis. This has manifested itself in particular in the following areas:
- The EU refuses to update the bilateral agreement on technical barriers to trade.
- The EU refuses to associate Switzerland with the EU’s Horizon Europe research framework programme (2021-2027) in accordance with the bilateral research agreement.
- All negotiations on bilateral market integration agreements are blocked.
The erosion of the bilateral market integration and cooperation agreements has thus begun and is causing damage (see below "Blockade in European policy hurts the economy"). For Switzerland, the strategic initial position is as follows: despite the considerable potential for damage, the Federal Council does not have a concrete plan on how to minimise the damage or how to proceed with its European policy. It was announced that after an assessment of the bilateral situation over the next two years, the Swiss government would seek a political dialogue with the EU.
However, such a long timeframe is not in the interests of the Swiss economy. Further measures by the EU against Switzerland’s economic interests are possible. After the meeting with Federal Councillor Ignazio Cassis on 15 November 2021, the EU demanded a commitment and a binding roadmap from the Swiss government on how to proceed by the next meeting. This had to be postponed without a new date set after the cancellation of the World Economic Forum WEF.
Switzerland is facing major strategic challenges.